Federal Budget

The federal budget process can have a tremendous impact on vital programs that make our State and our municipalities strong and stable. Staying aware of the impacts of the budget and working with your League and Federal representatives to respond to the proposals and can ensure the best possible outcome for municipalities.

The fiscal year is the accounting period for the federal government, beginning Oct. 1 and ending on Sept. 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2022 begins on October 1, 2021, and ends on Sept. 30, 2022. 


Congress passes appropriations legislation to fund the government for every fiscal year. Appropriations acts are characteristically annual and generally provide funding authority that expires at the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30. 

The House and Senate Committees on Appropriations have jurisdiction over the annual appropriations measures. Each committee is organized into subcommittees, with each subcommittee having responsibility for developing one regular annual appropriations bill to provide funding for departments and activities within its jurisdiction.  Each House appropriations subcommittee is paired with a Senate appropriations subcommittee and the two subcommittees’ jurisdictions are generally identical. 

The current appropriations subcommittee structure includes the following 12 subcommittees 

  1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
  2. Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  3. Defense
  4. Energy and Water Development, and Related Agencies
  5. Financial Services and General Government
  6. Homeland Security
  7. Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
  8. Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies 
  9. Legislative Branch 
  10. Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
  11. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  12. Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

These appropriations can be found and tracked at the Congress.gov website.
For a full rundown, please review The Congressional Appropriations Process

News & Updates

The Budget and Economic Outlook 2020 to 2030 from the Congressional Budget Office

An Analysis of the President’s 2022 Budget. The Congressional Budget Office’s summary and analysis of the 2020 Budget.

Federal Budget 2022 of the U.S. Government.

A Budget for America’s Future, Fiscal Year 2021 Budget of the U.S. Government

  1. Metropolitan Statistical Area Definition to Remain Unchanged

    The current MSA threshold remains in place after a strong push against the change, including responses to the OMB proposal such as submitted comments from the NLC strongly opposing the proposed MSA definition change. Read on...
  2. Senate May Consider Infrastructure Bill Next Week

    During the week, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer indicated in news accounts that the Senate will vote next week on the bipartisan infrastructure proposal. Read on...
  3. Infrastructure Update

    On Thursday, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 3684, the $715 billion Surface Transportation and Water Infrastructure Bill, the INVEST in America Act. It is unclear when the Senate will consider this legislation. Read on...
  4. American Rescue Plan Act Compliance and Reporting Guidance

    The State Comptroller has issued Best Practices for New Jersey Local Governments for Using Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery Funds and Internal Control Checklist for New Jersey Local Governments Using Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery Funds. Read on...
  5. DLGS Posts Portal for ARP Funding

    This week, the Division of Local Government Services (DLGS) posted the application portal for municipalities with a population under 50,000 to apply for funding allocated in the American Rescue Plan. Read on...
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